CK61140E CNC Lathe. A lathe is a machine tool used in metalworking and woodworking to shape, cut, drill, or sand materials like metal, wood, plastic, and more. It works by rotating a workpiece on its axis while a cutting tool, or a variety of cutting tools, is moved into the workpiece to remove material, create intricate shapes, or achieve a desired surface finish. Lathes are versatile machines and come in various types, sizes, and configurations to suit different machining needs. Here are some key components and functions of a lathe:
- Cama: CK61140E CNC Lathe. The bed is the main horizontal structure of the lathe, and it provides the base for mounting all other components. It ensures stability and rigidity.
- Clavijero: CK61140E CNC Lathe. The headstock is located at one end of the lathe and holds the workpiece. It contains the spindle, which rotates the workpiece, and often features a chuck or collet to securely hold the workpiece in place.
- Contrapunto: CK61140E CNC Lathe. The tailstock is located at the opposite end of the headstock and provides support to the other end of the workpiece. It can be adjusted along the bed to accommodate different workpiece lengths and may include a live center for additional support.
- Carriage: The carriage is a movable assembly that holds the cutting tool(s). It can move along the length of the bed and crosswise, allowing for precise positioning of the tool relative to the workpiece.
- Tool Post: The tool post is part of the carriage and holds the cutting tool(s). It can be adjusted to set the cutting tool at the correct height and angle.
- Apron: The apron is attached to the carriage and contains mechanisms for controlling the feed of the cutting tool and engaging the lead screw for threading operations.
- Lead Screw: The lead screw is a threaded rod that runs along the length of the lathe bed. It is used for longitudinal feed, which controls the movement of the carriage along the bed.
- Cross Slide: The cross slide is a part of the carriage that allows for movement perpendicular to the workpiece axis, enabling facing and tapering operations.